Mucopolysaccharidosis type III (MPS III, Sanfilippo syndrome) is an autosomal recessive mucopolysaccharide storage disorder caused by a deficiency of various lysosomal enzymes. MPS III encompasses a group of four lysosomal storage disorders resulting from a failure to break down the glycosaminoglycan heparan sulphate. Each of the four sub-types (A, B, C, & D) of MPS III is caused by the deficiency of a different enzyme in the degradative pathway of heparan sulphate. MPS IIIB (Sanfilippo B Syndrome) is caused by a deficiency of the enzyme alpha-N-acetylglucosaminidase (glucosaminidase), which results in the accumulation of heparan sulphates in the lysosome. MPS IIIB is a multisystemic disorder, clinical symptoms of which usually occur after about 2 years of apparently normal development. These symptoms include hyperactivity, aggressive behaviour, delayed speech development, sleep disturbances, coarse hair, hirsutism and diarrhoea which are then followed by progressive mental retardation resulting in death usually between the second and third decade of life. The gene for glucosaminidase or alpha-N-acetylglucosaminidase (gene symbol NAGLU) resides chromosome17q21 spanning 8.3 kp and comprising 6 exons that encode a 743 amino acid precursor protein that is processed to a 720 amino acid glycoprotein.
This service is funded by the National Commissioning Group (NCG). Samples received from England, Northern Ireland and Scotland are charged to NCG with the majority of samples being received from The Willink Metabolic Unit. New patients are initially diagnosed by enzyme analysis, therefore patients will usually have already been referred to a relevant NCG centre before DNA analysis is requested. Funding from the NCG also covers carrier detection, by DNA analysis, for family members.
Price & reporting times
|Test||Price NHS (£)||Price non- NHS (£ )||TRT (calendar days)|
|Single mutation test||POA||POA||28|
|Urgent/Predictive single mutation test||POA||POA||14|
Test validation & quality assurance - information for users
4ml EDTA blood sample. If Willink laboratory testing is required, a 10ml urine sample is required
Please see our referral guidelines for more information.
OMIM Number(s) - 252920
Gene(s) - NAGLU